Make sure that the icon images you include in your icon file conform to the image sizes and color densities specified above. Non-conforming icons files will be ignored and WinZip Self-Extractor will provide a default set of icons.
A directory is placed at the end of a ZIP file. This identifies what files are in the ZIP and identifies where in the ZIP that file is located. This allows ZIP readers to load the list of files without reading the entire ZIP archive. ZIP archives can also include extra data that is not related to the ZIP archive. This allows for a ZIP archive to be made into a self-extracting archive (application that decompresses its contained data), by prepending the program code to a ZIP archive and marking the file as executable. Storing the catalog at the end also makes possible hiding a zipped file by appending it to an innocuous file, such as a GIF image file.
Each entry stored in a ZIP archive is introduced by a local file header with information about the file such as the comment, file size and file name, followed by optional "extra" data fields, and then the possibly compressed, possibly encrypted file data. The "Extra" data fields are the key to the extensibility of the ZIP format. "Extra" fields are exploited to support the ZIP64 format, WinZip-compatible AES encryption, file attributes, and higher-resolution NTFS or Unix file timestamps. Other extensions are possible via the "Extra" field. ZIP tools are required by the specification to ignore Extra fields they do not recognize.
There is no BOF or EOF marker in the ZIP specification. Conventionally the first thing in a ZIP file is a ZIP entry, which can be identified easily by its local file header signature. However, this is not necessarily the case, as this not required by the ZIP specification - most notably, a self-extracting archive will begin with an executable file header.
Tools that correctly read ZIP archives must scan for the end of central directory record signature, and then, as appropriate, the other, indicated, central directory records. They must not scan for entries from the top of the ZIP file, because (as previously mentioned in this section) only the central directory specifies where a file chunk starts and that it has not been deleted. Scanning could lead to false positives, as the format does not forbid other data to be between chunks, nor file data streams from containing such signatures. However, tools that attempt to recover data from damaged ZIP archives will most likely scan the archive for local file header signatures; this is made more difficult by the fact that the compressed size of a file chunk may be stored after the file chunk, making sequential processing difficult.
Most of the signatures end with the short integer 0x4b50, which is stored in little-endian ordering. Viewed as an ASCII string this reads "PK", the initials of the inventor Phil Katz. Thus, when a ZIP file is viewed in a text editor the first two bytes of the file are usually "PK". (DOS, OS/2 and Windows self-extracting ZIPs have an EXE before the ZIP so start with "MZ"; self-extracting ZIPs for other operating systems may similarly be preceded by executable code for extracting the archive's content on that platform.)
The extra field contains a variety of optional data such as OS-specific attributes. It is divided into records, each with at minimum a 16-bit signature and a 16-bit length. A ZIP64 local file extra field record, for example, has the signature 0x0001 and a length of 16 bytes (or more) so that two 64-bit values (the uncompressed and compressed sizes) may follow. Another common local file extension is 0x5455 (or "UT") which contains 32-bit UTC UNIX timestamps.
If the bit at offset 3 (0x08) of the general-purpose flags field is set, then the CRC-32 and file sizes are not known when the header is written. If the archive is in Zip64 format, the compressed and uncompressed size fields are 8 bytes long instead of 4 bytes long (see section 22.214.171.124). The equivalent fields in the local header (or in the Zip64 extended information extra field in the case of archives in Zip64 format) are filled with zero, and the CRC-32 and size are appended in a 12-byte structure (optionally preceded by a 4-byte signature) immediately after the compressed data:
The original .ZIP format had a 4 GB (232 bytes) limit on various things (uncompressed size of a file, compressed size of a file, and total size of the archive), as well as a limit of 65,535 (216-1) entries in a ZIP archive. In version 4.5 of the specification (which is not the same as v4.5 of any particular tool), PKWARE introduced the "ZIP64" format extensions to get around these limitations, increasing the limits to 16 EB (264 bytes). In essence, it uses a "normal" central directory entry for a file, followed by an optional "zip64" directory entry, which has the larger fields.
The minimum size of a .ZIP file is 22 bytes. Such an empty zip file contains only an End of Central Directory Record (EOCD):[0x50,0x4B,0x05,0x06,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00]
2^64,maximum 16 EB file size in NTFS filesystem 16 TB max file size on Windows 7 NTFSimplementation256 TB max file size on Windows 8 NTFS implementation8 PB max file size on Windows 10 NTFS implementation
Synopsis: 7Z, RAR, TAR,ZIP archive format limitations. Specs in terms of max size and itemnumber. Maximum number of files and folders allowed in a singlearchive. Maximum size of file in archive. Maximum total size for thearchive. Filesystems limitatiosn for size and number of files.
ZIP archives know a feature called the data descriptor which is a way to store an entry's length after the entry's data. This can only work reliably if the size information can be taken from the central directory or the data itself can signal it is complete, which is true for data that is compressed using the DEFLATED compression algorithm.
If you want to create a split ZIP archive you use the constructor of ZipArchiveOutputStream that accepts a File argument and a size. The size determines the maximum size of a split segment - the size must be between 64kB and 4GB. While creating the archive, this will create several files following the naming convention described above. The name of the File argument used inside of the constructor must use the extension zip.
If ZipArchiveOutputStream is writing to a non-seekable stream it has to decide whether to use Zip64 extensions or not before it starts writing the entry data. This means that if the size of the entry is unknown when putArchiveEntry is called it doesn't have anything to base the decision on. By default it will not use Zip64 extensions in order to create archives that can be extracted by older archivers (it will later throw an exception in closeEntry if it detects Zip64 extensions had been needed). It is possible to instruct ZipArchiveOutputStream to always create Zip64 extensions by using the setUseZip64 with an argument of Zip64Mode.Always; use this if you are writing entries of unknown size to a stream and expect some of them to be too big to fit into the traditional limits.
Zip64Mode.Never will not use any Zip64 extensions at all and may lead to a Zip64RequiredException to be thrown if ZipArchiveOutputStream detects that one of the format's limits is exceeded. Archives created in this mode will be readable by all unarchivers; they may be slightly smaller than archives created with SeekableByteChannel in Zip64Mode.AsNeeded mode if some of the entries had unknown sizes.
Some of the theoretical limits of the format are not reached because Apache Commons Compress' own API (ArchiveEntry's size information uses a long) or its usage of Java collections or SeekableByteChannel internally. The table below shows the theoretical limits supported by Apache Commons Compress. In practice it is very likely that you'd run out of memory or your file system won't allow files that big long before you reach either limit.
Signtool is limited as well: -exe-cant-sign-big-fileI did not found more up to date article but all packages I work with as long as they are under 4gb work fine with signtool. This seems to be same limit as with operating system as well.
As for in my case with signtool I had file truncated to size of part that was over 4gb (lets say file was 4,5gb and as output I got 0,5gb - might have been caused by something else in build pipeline - I did not investigate it further).I got rid of some packages that were there for convenience sake and increased compression level. If it is impossible for you (extra extraction time, not enough gain, etc.); try to do something like or use different solution.
Synopsis: 7Z fileextension. What is 7Z file format, native 7-Zip archives typeextension. What are XZ, LZMA, 7z files features and specifications,maximum size, max number of files limit. 7Z format superior compressionratio, compression speed, aes encryptionand advanced format options. What is 7z archive format recommended for.
Though less common a situation than it once was, occasionally you'll send a ZIP archive to someone whose computer cannot open the file. When that happens, you can send a self-extracting PKSFX archive instead: it has a .exe file name extension (instead of .zip, for instance), and it can be extracted just by executing it, even by someone who does not have or another ZIP utility. (PKSFX archives are also called SFX files, for short.)
Practically speaking, the maximum size of a PKSFX file is 2 GB. This is the largest size executable that Windows and most other operating systems can load. If you create an unsplit PKSFX file larger than 2 GB, you probably will not be able to run it.
An easy to use ActiveX/COM data compression library built for the x86-64 architecture. You name the feature, it does it. Zip, unzip, updating, converting, disk and memory streaming, AES encryption, no 4GB or file limit, various compression algorithms, filtering, split/spanned/self-extracting zip files, and much more. 2b1af7f3a8