In so much as that Caracter which Rerum Ang. licarum l. 4. c. 14. Gulielmus Nubrigensis gives us of our proud Prelate Longchamp and his tyrannicall oppressive deportment in Church, in State, (by reason of his Ecclesiasticall and temporall united jurisdictions) in the Raign of King Richard the first, seemes purposely recorded to paint out the Cariage of this Arch-Prelate during all the yeares of his domineering Authority in the Raigne of Charles the first. Ille sublato omni [...] obstaculo, quo minus ambularet, in magnis & mirabilibus supra se, fratus DVPLCIS id est APOSTOLIC A SIMVL ET [...] A POTEST ATE, CLERO [...] AR [...]TER E [...] POPVLO [...] ARROGANT [...] [...], Et [...]cut [...] quodam [...]criptune est, [...] pro dextera; sic et ille, ad faciliorum molicionum suarum efficatiam, utra (que) potestate utebatur pro altera. Ad [...] vel exer cendos potentes Laicos si quid fortè ex seculari potentia minus poterat, Apostolic [...] id ipsum potestatis censura supplebat. Si autem ex Clero forte quispiam voluntati ejus obsisteret, hunc procul dubio frustra pro se secundum Canones [...] oppressund p [...]centia, [...]. Non [...] at qu [...] se absconderet à calore ejus, cum et secularis in eo virgam, vel gladium Apostolicae potestatis timeret; & ecclesiasticus nulla se, [...] vel auctoritate [...] regiam tueri valeat. Denique ipsum ille tempore in Anglia, ET PLVSQVAM REGEM experti sunt LAICI, & PLVS QV AM SV M [...]VM PONTIFICE MCLE [...]ICI; utrique vero, TYR ANNVM INTOLERABILEM: Quippe DVPLICIS OCCASIONE POTEST [...] ANNVM, solis complicibus et cooperatoribus suis innoxius, ceteris indifferenter, non tantum pecuniarum ambitu, verum etiam dominandi voluptate [...] Regius erat, &c. This Archbishop, having [...] into his hands, as Primat & Metropolitan of [...], but likewise all temporall jurisdiction as a Privy Councellor, an Assistant in the Star-Chamber, a Commissioner for the Treasury, for all kindes of Monopolies, projects to raise monies without a Parliament, and as the chiefe Royall Favourite at Court, & having most preferments, officers, Judges (and by consequence most Courts of Justice, Civill, or Ecclesiasticall, at his devotion, did extreamly [...]e [...], persecute and trample upon both the Laity & Clergie that opposed any of his Innovations or Projects at his pleasure, and those whom he could not conquer by his Episcopall, hee would bee sure to overtop and crush by his temporall Authority; So as the Laity upon all occasions found him more then a King, and the Clergie more then a Pope, both of them (except his owne Creatures and Confederates only) an into [...]eiable, yea double Tyrant by reason of his duplicated [...] by thousands of Godly Christians and Ministers were enforced to [...] in avoyd his [...]ry, and hundreds in the Starre-Chamber, High Commission, and Councell-Chamber oppressed, close imprisoned, fined, banished, pillored, stigmatized, spoyled of their eares, freeholds, callings, liberties, deprived, degraded and quite undone by his oppreson, hee being commonly more excessive, extravagant, violent, in his publike Censures, and Speeches, then any other whatsoever; having quite forgotten these Divine qualifications which the Apostle requireth in an EVANGELICALL BISHOP; 1 Tim. 3. [...]ir. 1. 7, 8. A Bishop must bee blamelesse, as the Steward of God; not selfe-willed, not soone angry, no striker, not a brawler, not lifted up with pride; but, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate, gentle unto all men, apt to teach, patient, in m [...]kenesse instructing those that oppose themselves; And utterly abhorred [Page 19] that memorable precept of our most milde Saviour, as Apocryphan, or unmeer for his imitation: Luke 6. 36. Bee you therefore mercifull, as your heavenly Father is mercifull.
This proud imperious Arch-Prelate, who had close-imprisoned others for sundry yeares in remote Castles in forraigne Islands, meerely for opposing his Tyranny and Innovations, excluding not only their Friends, but Wives, Children from the least accesse unto their Prisons, or the Isles wherein they were exiled, for their comfort or reliefe; was yet so impatient of restraint himselfe, that immediatly after his Commitment to Master Maxwels house at Chearing, Crosse, though he had convenient lodgings, more liberty by farre then he demerited, and all his friends free accesse to visit him, yet hee became an humble suiter to the House of Peers (even in the wet cold winter season, when a warme lodging in most mens judgment was more wholesome for him, then cold moist walkes, that he might have liberty to goe abroad with his Keeper to take the Ayre, [Page 23] which liberty himselfe would never indulge to any Prisoner committed by him, for the least offence, especially under the Notion of a Puritan: O strange impatience, worthy admiration that he who had close Imprisoned many Godly Christians, Ministers, mobscure holes and Dungeons, without the least pity or indulgence, divers yeares; even for well doing, or petty offences against himselfe, should not be able to endure a few weekes imprisonment, (when charged with high Treason it selfe, against the King and Kingdome,) without Petitioning for liberty to take the Ayre. A request so unseasonable, that no wise Man in his condition would have demanded it, and the Parliament in Justice or Honour could not condescend to it. But this suit of his being deemed unseasonable, was rejected.
Fourthly, As this Archbishop introduced an Altar, so likewise, a Credentia, or side-Table into his Chappell, covered with a large Towel or Linnin Cloth, never seene, nor heard of there before his time, whereon the bread & wine intended to be consecrated at the Sacrament were first placed with a great deal of solemnity, before they were brought up to the Altar: After which the Archbishops Chaplaines being about to Consecrate the Elements usually repaired to this Credentia, and taking them from thence into their hands, made three low bowings or Genuflections to the Altar, and comming up unto it, offered up the Bread and Wine thereat upon their knees, & then layd them on the Altar; which Ceremonies were there used in the Archbishops presence sundry times when the Sacrament was administred if not by his speciall Direction, yet certainly with his approbation, and without the least reprehension, as was proved by the severall Oathes of Sir Nathaniell Brent, Dr. Featley, Mr. Cordwell (once servant to the Archbishop) Dr. Haywood also confessing he used this forme of celebrating the Communion, and Consecrating the Elements in the Archbishops presence. Now this Credentia (the very Name his owne Chaplaines gave it) or diminutive preparatory Altar, whereon the Bread, wine, Paten & Chalice must first be solemnly placed, & from thence removed advanced to & offerred up at the high Altar, is a meere Popish Vtensill, never heard of in any Protestant Church, nor in the Church of England since reformation; the very Name and Thing being prescribed and frequently mentioned in the Roman Caeremoniall, Pontificall, and Missall, but seldom or never in any other Authors; Witnes this discription of it. Caeremoniale Episcoporum l. 1. c. 12. p. 72. 73. 74. Restat ut de Mensa, seu Abaco, quam CREDENTIAM vocant pauca subijciamus. Ea vero IN MISSIS NOTE TANIVM SOLENNIBVS PREPARARI SOLET, a larere Epistolae in plano Presbiterij, atque a periete parumper disjuncta, &c. Eius mensura regulariter erit palmarum octo in longitudine, in latitudine, quatuor vel circa, in altitudine quinque, vel modicum ultra, lineogue mantuli mundo superstrato usque ad terram circumcirca pendenti, contegetur. Super ea ponentur duo Candelabra cum cereis albis, & in ipsius medio Calix, cum Patena, Palla, purificatorio, & bursa corporalia continens, at que ibi proxince Hostiaria cum hostijs, & pelvicula cum ampullis vini & aquae. Pontistcale Romanum p. 75. Et propè Altare CREDENTIA p. 566. Parabitur Ecclesia, & Capellae, CREDENTIA, &c, and Missale Romanum, Ritus Celebrandi Missam, p. 15. Diaconus amouet Calicem, si est in Altari, vel si est in CREDENTIA, ut magis decet, &c. Now who but a professed Papist in heart and affection durst ever introduce such a grosse Popish innovation into his owne Chapell, not used in any other place but it, except in Popish Churches in forraigne parts, ot the Queenes See Ribadeniera Flevers des vies des Sainctes pars, [...]ap. 104. Apres Compline et Matines, il visi oit, tous les Rutols de [...] Eglile, faisant a chacun vne Prostration et reverence. own Chapel here, & that by direction of the Roman Ceremoniall, Pontificall, Missall?
MOst Reverend Father in God, and my very Honourable good Lord, my humble service presented to your Grace. I received upon the 12th of October last, a Letter from your Grace, dated the 4th of the same Moneth; wherein your Grace hath required me by a commandment from His Majesty, to send for some of the gravest of my Clergie, and such as stand best affected to the Church and Government, out of the severall parts of my Diocesse, and by them to inform my selfe, how the annuall Feasts of the Dedications of their Churches have beene kept within their severall Parishes this last yeare, and how free they have beene from disorders. Now according to His Majesties pleasure and Commandment herein, presently after receipt of your Graces Letter, I sent forth my Letters into all the several Deaneries within my Diocesse, for some of the better* sort of Clergy out of every Division, part and corner of Somersetshire to come unto me, and so They were the deboystest and worst in the Country; they did upon certaine dayes appointed by me; And I finde by the severall Answers of threescore and twelve Ministers, Benificed men, in whose Parishes these Feasts are kept, as followeth. First, that they have been kept not onely this last yeare, but also for many years before, as long as they have lived in their severall Parishes, without any disorders. Secondly, that upon the Feast dayes, (which are [Page 142] for the most part every where upon Sundayes) the Service of the Church hath bin more solemnly performed, and the Church hath bin better frequented, both in the Forenoons, and in the Afternoons, than upon any Sunday in the yeare. Thirdly, that they have not known or heard of any disorders in the Neighbouring Towns, where the like Feasts are kept. Fourthly, that the people do very much desire the continuance of those Feasts. Lastly, that all these Ministers are of opinion, that it is fit and convenient these Feast dayes should be continued, for a memoriall of the Dedications of their severall Churches, for the civilizing of people, for their lawfull Recreations, for the composing of differences by occasion of the meeting of friends, for the increase of love and unity, as being Feasts of Charity, for the reliefe of the poore, the richer sort keeping then in a manner open house, and for many other reasons. 2b1af7f3a8